Written by Lisa Allen, MD
Skin infections are the contagious types of illnesses and diseases resulting from external elements. Some of them are direct results of infectants coming into contact with the skin, while the others result from internal organ disorders like liver, pancreas, blood vessels, muscles and bones.
They involve many layers of skin like the dermis, epidermis and Subcutis. Dermatology categorizes them into mild, severe, acute and chronic conditions. Most of the infections are caused by bacteria, fungi, yeast and other types of pathogens.
Common media through which they spread are air, water, food, skin contact, sexual intercourse and blood transfusions. Their effects can be localized or spread to other parts of body skin from the point of contact.
Initial Skin Infection Symptoms
Appearance of symptoms depends on the incubation period of infectants in your skin layers. Some of the pathogens like lepromin (leprosy causing virus) take about 6 months for incubation. There will be no visible symptoms until this time and they appear in severe form after this time. Small white patches on the skin lead to destruction of skin and limb tissues.
Most Common Skin Infections
1. Cutaneous Mycosis
Cutaneous Mycosis is one form of fungal infection which is known to attack only dead skin cells. Hair nails and keratin skin tissues are most commonly affected by this fungus. It results in discoloration, dryness and even falling off of these parts.
When you observe your nails getting hard and dry due to unknown reasons you need to get diagnosed for this type of infection. The dermatologist will suggest medication and treatment to eliminate this fungus from your skin.
Syphilis is a type of skin infection affecting genital areas of the skin. It results in skin ulcers and severe rashes in the initial stages. When left untreated it can turn into chronic conditions over time. Prolonged medication and treatment are required to cure this condition.
Main cause of syphilis is sexual contact with infected person(s). Most common symptoms of syphilis are sore skin in the surrounding areas of genitals, often resulting in pus formation. The sores open up and bleeding starts after about a couple of weeks.
Timely diagnosis and treatment can prevent the condition from progressing to critical and chronic levels. Qualified dermatologist will be able to provide accurate and assured cure for syphilis.
Preventive care must be followed immediately after the treatment period. Abstinence from sexual contact with strangers is one of these measures. Switching over to hygienic lifestyle is the step which sustains recovery and healthy life in future.
3. Scalded Skin Syndrome
Scalded Skin Syndrome is caused by toxic elements in the surrounding atmosphere. Chemical reaction of top skin layers with these toxins result in generation of pathogens and bacteria over time. Some of the common symptoms are formation of rashes and blisters. They soon grow into lumps with contaminated fluid in them. Skin layers start scaling. Pain and irritation persist continuously with occasional bleeding due to opening of blisters.
Serums made of vitamin C, D, E, sodium, potassium, manganese and other compounds are suggested by dermatologists as trusted ingredients of medicines. It may take about 2 to 4 weeks of consistent medication with skin healing therapy (herbal) for healing.
Preventive care has to follow for the next 6 months while the patient is advised to stay away from toxic environment. This type of infection is commonly observed among people working in chemical, dyes, paint and other toxic element manufacturing facilities.
4. Streptococcal Skin Infection
Streptococcal Skin Infection is caused by external pathogens that spread though open wounds, burns and other injuries. It results in pus formation and impure blood in the Subcutis blood vessels that connect to skin layers. Skin cells and tissues start perishing and die away. Soon it results in lumps of dead and hardened skin layers all over the body. The bacteria affect proteins and plasma including live and active connecting tissues between skin layers and muscles.
Use of antibiotics produces cure when it is found in the initial stages. Surgical removal of dead cells and transplantation are the only options when the infection ahs reached severe or chronic conditions. Herbal treatments and therapy are mostly recommended during post surgical recovery period. It helps in quick healing and prevention of this infection in future.
5. Rickettsial Sin Disease
Rickettsial Sin Disease is caused by bacteria from lice and ticks. Endothelial cells in the blood vessels, Subcutis and layer dermis layer skin gets affected once the disease starts spreading to the inner layers of the skin and blood vessels. They often result in lesions and rashes on the affected skin areas.
Consistent medication and treatment from dermatologists is the only methods of healing the skin from this sort of infection. Preventing lice and ticks from entering your scalp and skin regions is the best known preventive care for his type of disease. Once the skin gets affected by this infection, medications need to be free from toxic chemicals as they can complicate the issues further.
Common Causes of Children’s Skin Infections
Since the immunity levels among children are relatively lower compared to adults, the chances of skin infections among them are higher.
- Skin infection from bug bite is most commonly observed among school going children. Care should be taken to identify any bug bites immediately and get the proper solution for that.
- Children who are engaged in water sports and swimming have the chances of catching skin infection caused by yeast when they don’t wash up after spending time in swimming pool waters for a long time.
- Dust, heat and moisture are common causes for skin infections during summer. The sweat drenched clothes can contain infecting germs that affect skin layers, leading to skin diseases.
- Coming into contact with pets can also cause infections. It is recommended that the household pets be given skin infection antibiotics in order to safeguard them and the children who play with them.
How To Cure Skin Infection?
Skin infections can be cured when they are treated by experienced and qualified dermatologists. The process of healing and recovery becomes faster when they are identified in the early stages. Nature therapy methods can also be helpful in finding long lasting solutions to skin infections.