Written by Lisa Allen | Edited by Dr Mark Kapnoudhis
Skin blisters are the epidermal elevations that contain clear type of fluid. When blisters are attacked by infections, the liquid can turn opaque in nature and often cause severe irritation and pain.
Blisters are often caused by insect bites, burns, dermatitis, bacteria, sun burns and other form of skin injuries. Effectiveness of treatment depends on the nature of skin, intensity of blisters and the areas in which they appear.
According to dermatologists the typical areas of blister appearances are those which frequently get exposed to influence of external elements. Hands, legs and neck are most vulnerable spots. This article is about the n/effective ways of managing blister care and cure methods.
Managing Skin Blisters From Sunburn
Skin blisters from sunburn are one of the hardest to manage as they can lead to number of other complications like infections, diseases and even caner conditions. Inflammation followed by bleeding can make the skin conditions worse. Most cases of sunburn result in skin blisters on hands and neck.
- The first step in healing the sunburn blisters is to run off the accumulated fluid. Dermatologists often follow the method of deliberately puncturing the swelling to remove the fluid.
- The second step is to heal the wound. It is done with the help of medications and treatments. It can take up to weeks for this process to be complete.
- Once the wound is healed it is time to eliminate the scars. However scars will not go away so easily. Sometimes the dermatologist applies grafting or similar method to cover the scars.
- New skin layers start growing gradually and cover up the affected areas. This process can take up to 3 or 4 months of time.
Skin Blisters After Swimming
This is a typical case related to people with sensitive skin. Composition of swimming pool water is directly responsible for the appearance of skin blisters after swimming. Most of them go away after sometime. However they may persist for a long time, even for many days. Then you need to consult your dermatologist and get the right treatment to get rid of them.
Disease Caused Blisters
Peripheral nerves often break open during skin infections, especially in cases of venous insufficiency, diabetes and hypertension. It can lead to formation of blisters.
- Blisters in the case of diabetic patients don’t heal unless the glucose levels in the blood stream are brought under control. Typical cases of diabetic blisters usually occur in legs and feet. This is due to the lack of blood flow between the heart and leg nerves. In many cases the blisters heal once the glucose levels are brought under control. It is only when the glucose level goes to abnormal levels that blisters can turn into gangrene conditions.
- Hypertension is another typical condition which can lead to formation of blisters on legs. This can be healed with the help of medications. However the blood pressure has to be brought under control to get effective results. Medication and treatment for hypertension patients can be lifelong process. The symptoms can only be controlled but they cannot be eliminated completely.
Stress Induced Blisters
The human skin has a tolerance limit for with standing physical stress. When it goes beyond limits the result could be breakdown of skin layers, resulting in painful blisters. Pressure ulcer is a typical example for this.
In most cases blisters result from trauma and friction. American Association of Dermatologists has categorized these types of blisters into multiple types based on their nature.
- Blood blisters. They contain blood rather than fluid.
- Fluid Blisters. They contain contaminated fluids called pus.
- Heel blisters. They typically appear on heels. They are normally formed due to stress rather than infections. Diabetic patients are prone to such blisters due to varying glucose levels in blood.
Causes And Treatment Of Blisters
The methods applied in blisters treatment depend on the nature and intensity of blisters, their causes and skin condition of the patient. Some of the typical cases of blisters on skin are:
- They are open sores with dry and scaly outer surfaces. They result in skin blisters. Blisters can appear on trunk, nails or feet. Typical treatment methods involve castor oil, vinegar and borax or garlic paste. They can heal the ringworm conditions and also the blisters caused by them.
- Chickenpox is another typical condition which causes blisters on skin. It is mainly due to viral attack. Eruptions can continue to occur in cycles of 3 to 4 days. Blisters are typically filled with fluid. Leakage of fluids can result in crust formation. Treatment involves vegetable broth, catnip tea, tepid bath and oatmeal bath. The blisters will disappear once the chickenpox conditions are cured.
- Venereal infections. They can lead to formation of blisters around the genital regions, causing pain during urination with inflammation conditions. Infections can be from herpes, warts, pelvic inflammation, syphilis, gonorrhoea or AIDS. Treatment involves specific medication procedures associated with the typical disease, For example treatment of herpes can be done through Acyclovir, Famciclovir or Valacyclovir. They are useful to the extent of healing the blisters and stopping bleeding conditions. However the bacteria causing venereal infections stay in dormant conditions and they can erupt at any point of time when the infected person gets back into infectious conditions.
- Frostbite can result in painful blisters on skin. Once the frostbite affected person is moved to warmer region the blisters can be cured with the help of medication and treatment. The skin specialist will recommend the right prescription for blisters originating from frostbite.
Skin Blisters After Exercise
This is a typical condition which results from skin blisters after sweating and unhygienic conditions of the skin. In some cases it can also happen due to development of stress on the skin layers due to cramping of muscles and nerves in the affected zones.
Applying essential oils can reduce the blisters to a considerable extent. Maintaining hygienic conditions of the skin after exercising can also reduce the risk of developing blisters.